A protester holds an inverted umbrella during scuffles with the police in the Mong Kok district of Hong Kong, on November 25, 2014, the night before the Mong Kok protest site was cleared by the authorities. Pro-democracy demonstrators blocked major thoroughfares and roads of the city for just over two months, calling for universal suffrage in 2017 with the right to elect the city's own chief executive-- without Beijing's pre-approval of candidates-- a demand that remains rejected by Beijing. 
 Protestors run from tear gas canisters during clashes with riot police in front of the Dolmabahce Palace in the Besiktas neighborhood of Istanbul, Turkey, on Saturday, June 1, 2013, as violence continued in to its second week. The Dolmabahce Palace houses Prime Minister Recep Erdogan's offices. What began as a demonstration against Erdogan's decision to develop Gezi Park, one of Istanbul's few green spaces, into a shopping mall and mosque, grew in to a protest of varying grievances including the Islamist government's encroachment on individual liberties in a country founded on secularism.